The founder of the Johnson Publishing Company was the first African-American to appear on the Forbes 400 list of the wealthiest people in the America. John Johnson began his life in rural Arkansas, a far cry from the streets of Chicago where he would ultimately make his fortune. Moving north during the Great Depression, the family was forced to live on welfare while Johnson finished high school. In 1945, Johnson published the first issue of Ebony, a monthly magazine modeled on Life but targeting a black readership. It was the first magazine to showcase African-American achievements and didn’t back away from reporting on issues of segregation and discrimination. Along with sister publication Jet, Johnson became an entrepreneurial force in the African-American community and the first to be named Young Man of the Year by the United States Chamber of Commerce.